Vocational Courses After 10th & 12th | Salary | Jobs | Colleges

Vocational courses (meaning in Hindi = “Vyaavasaayik Paathyakram”) are provided under the initiative of Vocational Education in India. It is commonly known as technical education which is started in the year 1956. Individuals can pursue these vocational courses (skill training program) in a particular trade or field of their interest to learn the skills and work as technicians or as other craftsmen.

Vocational Education:

Vocational Education in India (in Hindi “Vyaavasaayik Shiksha”) offers both traditional knowledge & practical guidance. The primary aim of the initiative is to make candidates skilled in their field of interest and job ready.

Vocational Courses in India:

Vocational courses initially aim towards providing practical knowledge & training to any interested individual. We can say that vocational courses offer 80% practical training and 20% theoretical study. The main focus is on the all-round practical development of individuals.

Vocational Courses


If you have question like, exactly “what is vocational courses?” and still have confusion about it then let me try to answer this question and explain it to you as simply as possible;

What is Vocational Course?

Vocational courses in India are job-oriented courses also known as occupational and training courses. These courses are different from traditional courses. Almost all the courses include’ more practical training & regular classes but less theory. The given courses can land you a job according to the specialized trade, in the market or industry.

Salary structure in the jobs after completing vocational courses is given below;

What is the salary package after completing a vocational course?

The salary package varies according to your qualification and experience in the respective field. The following table contains the average salary package offered in the market after completing a vocational course.

Salary Package after Vocational Courses in India:

Here is the information about salary packages you can expect after completing Vocational courses in India.

Details of salary packages according to qualifications, job profiles, experience, etc.

  • You can expect around 7000 to 12,000 on monthly basis after completing a certificate course in vocation.
  • After a diploma, an individual can get around 2 lakhs to 3 lakhs per annum.
  • A graduate can earn an average of 3 lakhs to 4 lakhs a year.
  • A PG degree or a master’s degree holder can earn an average of 5 lakhs to 5 lakhs a year.
  • Salary packages of a Ph.D. in Aviation Management range from 4.5 lakhs up to 6 lakhs according to their qualification & experience an individual have.

Types of Vocational Courses:

There are different types of vocational courses available in India to pursue after 10th or 12th. All these various types of vocational training courses put more focus on practical training rather than theory.

Both skills development and traditional knowledge are provided during training.

Types of Vocational Courses


These courses are designed to train individuals according to industrial standards.

Here is a list of types of vocational courses or vocational courses training in;

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Vocational courses list:

The Vocational courses list in India is long, as they are provided from certificate level up to Ph.D. level.

There are many specializations available in vocational training courses. The following table contains an overview of top vocational training courses you can pursue after 10th or 12th.

Further, the article contains information and details about the available vocational courses of different specializations.

Vocational Courses list:

Below is the list of all the available vocational courses name you can select from according to your field of interest;

  • Commercial Pilot Training
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Event Management courses
  • Air Hostess/Stewards Training
  • Audio Engineering
  • Automobile Technology
  • Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Technology
  • Geo Spatial Technology
  • Game Designers
  • Foreign Language Expert
  • Hospitality & Management
  • Web Designing/Development
  • Graphics Designing
  • Animation
  • Multimedia Courses
  • Fashion Technology
  • Designing Courses
  • Financial Market Management
  • Retail
  • Accountancy & Auditing
  • Office Secretaryship
  • Banking
  • Business Administration
  • Marketing & Salesmanship
  • Mass Communication
  • Journalism
  • Catering Management
  • Physical Education (Gym Trainers, Fitness Experts)
  • Beautician Courses
  • Electrical Technicians
  • Clinical Nutrition
  • Food Technology (Food Preservation)
  • Food Production
  • Bakery & Confectionery
  • Pastry Chef
  • Computer Science
  • Telecommunication
  • Corporate Communication
  • Ophthalmic Techniques
  • Auxiliary Nursing & Midwifery
  • MLT (Medical Laboratory Techniques)
  • Healthcare Science
  • X-Ray Technician
  • Textile Design
  • Fashion Design & Clothing Construction
  • Music Technical Production
  • Beauty Services
  • Library & Information Science
  • Transportation System and Logistic Management
  • Life Insurance
  • Dairy Science & Technology
  • Poultry Farming
  • Horticulture

These are some of the popular specializations under vocational courses you can inspect according to your interest.

Vocational courses after 12th:

Nowadays, students have options to choose from traditional courses or vocational courses after 12th. Those who are eager to learn a specialized skill in a particular trade or field can go for occupational courses after 12th available in India.

Vocational courses after 12th


Vocational courses benefit individuals in getting a job right after completing the course. As the courses emphasize more on industry-related practical education instead of case study & theory-based classes.

Both long-term & short-term courses are available under vocational education in India training program.

Vocational Education in India after 10+2 officializes around 33 years ago.

VHSE Courses:
VHSE i.e., Vocational Higher Secondary Education was first officially introduced into education system in the year 1988. The initiative was taken with the purpose of creating a workforce of skilled professionals in various fields.

Vocational training courses after 12th in India are offered at;

  • Certificate level
  • Diploma level
  • Bachelor’s level
  • PG-Diploma level
  • Master’s level
  • Doctorate level

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Bachelor of Vocation

Bachelor of Vocation or “B. Voc” is a 3 years undergraduate level degree course, affiliated with UGC. Different specializations are offered under bachelor of vocation. Like traditional course graduates, B. Voc graduates can also apply for any competitive exams.

B. Voc courses focus more on practical skill development with traditional course knowledge. But traditional courses focus more on theoretical knowledge & case study.

There is a long list of B. Voc Courses after 12th in India, which are listed below;

B. Voc Courses:

List of Bachelor of Vocation Courses:

  • B. Voc in Software Development
  • B. Voc in Aircraft Maintenance
  • B. Voc in Mobile Phone Development
  • B. Voc in Journalism & Media
  • B. Voc in Food Processing
  • B. Voc in Organic Agriculture
  • B. Voc in Agriculture
  • B. Voc in Food Science
  • B. Voc in Animation
  • B. Voc in Interior Design
  • B. Voc in Hospitality & Tourism
  • B. Voc in Healthcare
  • B. Voc in Applied Computer Technology
  • B. Voc in Fashion Technology
  • B. Voc in Fashion Designing
  • B. Voc in Banking & Finance
  • B. Voc in Photography
  • B. Voc in hardware & Networking
  • B. Voc in automobile
  • B. Voc in Product Design
  • B. Voc in Visual Media & Filmmaking
  • B. Voc in Renewable Energy
  • B. Voc in Digital Media & Animation
  • B. Voc in Medical Lab Technology (MLT)
  • B. Voc in Medical Imaging Technology (MIT)
  • B. Voc in Jewellery Design
  • B. Voc in Information Technology (IT)
  • B. Voc in E-Commerce & Digital Marketing
  • B. Voc in Hotel Management
  • B. Voc in Retail Management
Eligibility Criteria:
  • 12th passed, with a minimum of 50% aggregate from a recognized educational board.
  • 3 years for undergraduate-level course.
  • Around 7,000 to 70,000 on yearly basis.
Entrance Exam:
  • University level entrance exam
  • Merit based admission.
  • 2 lakhs to 6 lakhs per annum
Job profiles:

Jobs are available in government sector as well as private sectors.

  • Vocational Teacher
  • Food Technologist
  • Computer Operator
  • Biochemist
  • Home Economists
  • Manager
  • Accountant
  • Vocational Training Associate
  • Project Mechanic
  • Project Manager
  • Trade Apprentice
  • Lab Assistant
  • Marketing Executive
  • General Manager
  • Administrative Manager
  • Animator
  • 3D Animator

Master of Vocation

Master of Vocation or “M. Voc” is a 2 years post-graduate level degree course. Different specializations are offered under the master of vocation.

There is a long list of M. Voc Courses after graduation in India, which are listed below;

M. Voc Courses:

List of Bachelor of Vocation Courses:

  • Master of Vocation (M. Voc)
  • M. Voc in Software Development
  • M. Voc in Fashion Design
  • M. Voc in Fashion Technology
  • M. Voc in Hospital Management
  • M. Voc in Animation
  • M. Voc in Interior Design
  • M. Voc in Food Processing
  • M. Voc in Agriculture
  • M. Voc in Renewable Energy
  • M. Voc in Travel & Tourism
  • M. Voc in Hotel Management
  • M. Voc in Journalism & Mass Communication
  • M. Voc in Medical Lab Technology
  • M. Voc in Photography
  • M. Voc in Banking & Finance
  • M. Voc in Information Technology (IT)
  • M. Voc in Visual Media & Filmmaking
  • M. Voc in Healthcare Management
  • M. Voc in Retail Management
  • M. Voc in Sales & Marketing
Eligibility Criteria:
  • A B. Voc degree in the particular specialization.
  • A minimum of 50% aggregate in graduation.
  • 2 years for the master’s course.
  • Around 50,000 to 1.5 lakhs on yearly basis.
Entrance Exam:
  • University level entrance exam
  • Merit based admission.
  • 2 lakhs to 4 lakhs per annum
Job profiles:

Jobs are available in government sector as well as private sectors.

  • Vocational Teacher
  • Assistant Professor
  • Project Manager
  • IT professional
  • Recruiter, etc.

PG-level Vocational Diploma Courses:

List of PG-Diploma level Vocational Courses after Graduation:
  • PG Diploma in Computer Application
  • PG Diploma in Fashion Designing
  • PG Diploma in Translation
  • PG Diploma in Hospital Administration & Management
  • PG Diploma in Psychological Counselling
Eligibility Criteria:
  • A B. Voc degree in the particular specialization.
  • 1 to 2 years for the PG diploma course.
  • Around 6,000 to 50,000.
  • 2 lakhs to 4 lakhs per annum

Ph.D. in Vocational Education (PHDVET):

Ph.D. in Vocational Education is a research-related course. Individuals who want to do further studies in the field of vocational studies can go for this Ph.D. in Vocational Education Course after completing their master’s.

The course is available in IGNOU (Indira Gandhi National Open University).

Eligibility Criteria:
  • A master’s degree in respective specialization with a minimum of 60% aggregate.
  • The duration of the Ph.D. course is of 3 to 6 years.
  • Around 17,000.
  • On average the salary ranges from around 4.5 lakhs to 6 lakhs per annum.

Vocational courses after 10th:

There are plenty of diploma-level vocational courses are available after the 10th. The courses provide practical training to candidates in a specialized trade in the respective field.

The following table contains the list of diplomas in vocational courses after 10th and 12th.

List of Diploma level Vocational Courses after 10th:

  • Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • Diploma in Automobile Engineering
  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in Computer Engineering
  • Diploma in Information Technology (IT)
  • Diploma in Electrical Engineering
  • Diploma in Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • Diploma in Marine Engineering
  • Diploma in Fashion Designing
  • Diploma in Food Technology
  • Diploma in Textile Technology (Weaving/Knitting/Spinning)
  • Diploma in Interior Design
  • Diploma in Production & Industrial Engineering
  • Diploma in Translation
  • Diploma in Public Administration
  • Diploma in Multimedia & Animation
  • Diploma in Cinematography
  • Diploma in Counselling Psychology
  • Diploma in Physiotherapy
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology
  • Diploma in Medical Lab Technology
  • Diploma in Banking & Finance
  • Diploma in Accounting & Taxation
  • Diploma in Office Administration
Eligibility Criteria:
  • 10th pass
  • 1 to 2 years for the diploma course.
  • Around 3,000 to 5 lakhs.
  • Around 1.2 lakhs to 2 lakhs per annum at the start.

Certificate level courses under Vocational Education in India:

To apply for a certificate program under Vocational Education in India, the choices are many. The table below list some of the top certificate level vocational courses you can pursue according to your field of interest

The courses are available on both offline and online platforms.

List of Certificate level Vocational Courses available under Vocational Education in India:

  • Certificate in Foreign Trade Practises & Management
  • Certificate in Camera & Photography
  • Certificate in Tax Practice & Procedure
  • Certificate in Financial management
  • Certificate in Media Studies
  • Certificate course of MSBVE (Maharashtra State Board of Vocational Education)

List of Online Certificate level Vocational Courses:

  • Certificate in Communication & IT
  • Certificate in Fashion Designing
  • Certificate in Animal Care
  • Certificate in Hair and Beauty
  • Certificate in Culinary Arts
  • Certificate in Cosmetology, etc.
Eligibility Criteria:
  • Interested candidates can take direct admission in these certificate courses.
  • 6 months to 1 year for the certificate course.
  • The fee structure ranges from around 3,000 to 25,000, depending on the type of course.
  • Salary package start from 7000 to 10,000 on monthly basis.

College of Vocational Studies:

The table below contains a list of several popular colleges of vocational studies, you can prefer according to your choice.

List of Vocational Colleges and Schools that offer vocational courses:

  • Savitribai Phule Pune University
  • Xavier’s College (SXC), Mumbai
  • Department of Communication and Journalism (DCJ), Pune
  • Karnavati University (KU), Gandhinagar
  • Srishti Institute of Art Design and Technology (SIADT), Bangalore
  • Madras Christian College (MCC), Chennai
  • School of Business Management, Noida International University (NIUSBM), Noida
  • Bhartiya Skill Development University (BSDU), Jaipur
  • Banaras Hindu University (BHU), Varanasi
  • Pacific University, Jaipur
  • R. College of Commerce and Economics (HRCCE), Mumbai
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIP), New Delhi
  • Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies (NMIMS), Mumbai
  • Fergusson College, Pune
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences (IGIMS), Patna
  • Many more…

Vocational Jobs:

List of several Vocational jobs that are available for individuals after completing vocational courses;

  • Commercial Pilot
  • Electrician
  • Nursing
  • Fashion Designer
  • Medicine Technologist
  • Plumber
  • Dental Assistant
  • Computer Support Specialist
  • Web Developer
  • Automotive Mechanic/Technician, etc.
  • Veterinary Technician
  • Paramedics
  • Firefighter
  • Diesel Mechanic
  • Line Cook
  • Pastry chef
  • Carpenter
  • Networking Administration
  • Web Designer, etc.

Q & A

What are vocational training courses?
Vocational Training Courses are Professional Courses that typically aim to give students practical skills for a specific profession or area. These courses are often focused on a specialized career and designed to help you improve your skills for that specific career.
Is VHSE equivalent to ITI?
Yes, Vocational Higher Secondary Education i.e., VHSE is equivalent to ITI.
Is B.Tech. a vocational course?
No, B. Tech is not a vocational course, it is more like a traditional course.
Who first introduced vocational education in India?
Wood’s Despatch first introduced vocational education in India.
When did vocational education start in India?
Vocational Education started in India in the year 1956. Government of India set up the NCVT i.e., National Council of Vocational Training in 1956.
What are examples of vocational skills?
Here are the examples of some of the vocational skills; like Emergency Medical Technician, Medical Record Technician, Electrician, Beautician, Truck Driver, Health and Social Care, Cooking, Marketing, Designer, etc.
What vocational jobs are in demand?
List of several Vocational jobs that are and will be in demand; Commercial Pilot Nursing Fashion Designer Medicine Technologist Dental Assistant Computer Support Specialist Web Developer Automotive Mechanic/Technician, etc. Veterinary Technician


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