Medical Courses in India 2021 – Popular courses details

Medical course

Medical field deals with the study of medicine and all the different types of medical courses that covers theory knowledge as well as practical training. When we talk about old professional fields, one of the most well-known and respected field known to people is the Medical field.

Medical field is very popular and respected in India as well as in all the foreign countries on earth. There is no doubt that MBBS is considered as the most popular and important course in medical field compare to other courses of the Medical field.

Plenty of different types of medical courses in India are available today other than MBBS.

Medical courses  after 12th in India science 2021:

Medical field

Q) But how to choose which one is the best medical course after 12th science to pursue in India?

  • The students who enjoy studying biology, anatomy, physiology and want to become doctors and healthcare officers, etc. in the near future can apply for the different types of medical courses in India available today. There are numerous options available to choose.
  • Information related to numerous medical courses after 12th and 10th and types of programs (certification, diploma, graduate, post-graduate,) of a particular medical course in “medicine” and “allied medicine” is mentioned in the following article, that will help you select the best medical course that suits you and your personality.
  • Earning a degree in medical field is not that easy, it requires dedication, strong mind, passion towards work, compassion and empathy to become a doctor. We hope that the article will be helpful in clearing your doubts about which is the best medical courses in India after 12th to go for.

MBBS (Doctor) course in India:

Doctor

MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) is one of the well-known branches of Medicine, a very popular traditional undergraduate medical course after 12th to pursue in India. If you are an aspiring Doctor in the field of allopathy, then an MBBS degree is the first step towards this goal. Doctors are the ones who took the responsibility of ensuring the health of society by performing diagnosis and treatment of any illness or injuries in any given situation. A doctor can operate and communicate with all age groups.

How to become an MBBS doctor after 12th?

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology) score.

 Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree(Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate programs include MD & MS.

Duration:

  • 5 ½ years for a bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for a master’s course.

Work opportunities:

  • The time you have done your graduation in MBBS, you can practice as a general physician in hospitals (private or govt.), clinics, etc.

Entrance Exams:

  •  NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance
    Test).
  • JIPMER (Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate
    Medical Education & Research).
  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science).
  • Delhi university entrance test (Delhi).
  •  UPCPMT (UP).
  • COMEDK (Karnataka), etc.

Colleges:

  •  AIIMS
  •  Armed Force Medical College
  •  Lady Harding Medical College
  •  Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College
  •  Kasturba Medical College
  •  Maulana Azad Medical College
  •  Christian Medical College, etc.

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Sciences):

DentalDentist

Dental courses after 12th BDS (Bachelor of Dental Sciences) is a 5 years bachelor’s degree course after 12th to pursue followed by 1 year of internship. To claim that the field dental science is one of the popular and reputed courses in this medical field to be pursued in India after MBBS.

The governing body behind the degree of dental science is the DCI (Dental Council of India). Graduates need registered their name with the council before going into practice in order start practicing as a dentist after completing graduation.

Read Also : Entrance Exams after 12th 

Many specializations are also available in dental science graduates can pursue.

How to become a dentist after 12th?

Eligibility
criteria:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology) score.

Programs
Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree.
  • Postgraduate
    programs include a Master’s degree and Doctorate in science (Ph.D.).

Duration:

  • 5.5 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for a master’s course.
  • 3 years of
    doctorate.

Work opportunities:

  • Dentist in hospitals (Govt./private), railways, in defense services and clinics.
  • Researcher performing advance dental research.
  • Lecturer in dental institutes, etc.

Entrance Exams: NEET.

Colleges:

  • Faculty of dental Sciences, IMS BHU, Varanasi.
  •  Maulana Azad Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi.
  •  Government Dental College and Hospital, Mumbai.
  •  Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur.
  • Dr. R Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata.
  • Manipal College of Dental Science, Mangalore.

Dental courses after 10th:

So far there are two diploma in dental courses after 1oth science available anyone can pursue after completing 10th. There are so many colleges available in most of the state across India to get admission based on your 10th score.

Dental courses after
class 10
th:

Name of course

Eligibility criteria

Duration

Diploma in
Dental Mechanics (DDM)

10th

3
years

Diploma in
Dental Hygienist (DDH)

10th

3
years

Veterinary science course BVSc (Bachelor of Veterinary Science):

Veterinary science
Veterinary course after 12th science:

BVSc (Bachelor of Veterinary Science) is an undergraduate veterinary course after 12th like MBBS but this branch deals with animals. The medical profession of veterinarian focuses on providing health care services, conducting surgeries, diagnosis and treating animals, educating people about the importance of animals specifically to many animal or pet owners etc.

There are several veterinary courses available at undergraduate level to pursue after 12th if you are an animal lover and wanted to do something in this area of medicine.

Courses after 12th to become a veterinary doctor:

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with
    minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry &
    biology)
     score.

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree.
  • Postgraduate programs include a Master’s degree (MVSc.) and Doctorate in veterinary science (Ph.D.).

Duration:

  • 5.5 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for a master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate.

Work opportunities:

  • Hospitals
    (Govt./private), pet clinics.
  • Clinic’s, poultry
    farms, animal husbandry department.
  • Open up the way to
    work in the area of research etc.

Entrance Exams:

  • AIVPT 
  • AICEE
  •  IPVT
  •  MHTCET
    (Maharashtra)
  •  KEAM
    (Kerala)
  •  CENTAC (Pondicherry)
  •  GADVASU
    (Punjab, Himachal)
  •  GUJCER
    (Gujrat)

Colleges:

  • Bombay Veterinary Science College
  •  Birsa Agricultural-University
  •  College of Veterinary and Animal Science
  •  College of
    Veterinary Sciences, etc.

Veterinary Courses after 10th:

There are several veterinary courses after 10th available any person can pursue. These are diploma courses you can pursue after 10th in India.

List of veterinary diploma courses after 10th:

Name of course

Eligibility criteria

Duration

Diploma in Animal
Husbandry & Dairying

10th

3 years

Diploma in Veterinary
Pharmacy

10th

2 years

Diploma in Veterinary
Lab Technician

10th

2 years

Diploma in Dairy Farming

10th

1year to 4
years

Diploma in Veterinary
Assistant

10th

2 years

BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine & Surgery):

Homopaethy

BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is an undergraduate course after 12th which deals in the division of homeopathy and focuses on the study of homeopathic medicine.

This branch of medicine covers the knowledge related to herbology, ayurveda and some important principles of homeopathy, etc. and primarily prefer more traditional and organic approach in terms of ayurveda when treating patients by identifying the cause of illness or disease.

How to get admission in
BHMS (Homeopathy) after 12
th?

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with
    minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry &
    biology)
     score.

Programs
Available:

  • Diploma.
  • Bachelor’s degree
    & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate
    programs include MD in Homeopathy.

Duration:

  • 4 years of diploma & 6 months of internship.
  • 5 ½ years for a bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for a master’s course.

Work
opportunities:

  • A BHMS graduate can start practicing in hospitals (Govt./private), clinics, healthcare areas or communities, nursing homes. 
  • A Homeopathic graduate can also work in consultancies, research institutes, medical colleges, training institutes, life science industries, etc.

Entrance Exams:

  • NIH Kolkata BHMS Entrance Test.
  •  CEE.
  •  PU- CET.

Colleges:

  • National Institute of Homeopathy.
  •  Nehru Homeopathic Medical College.
  •  Dr. D.Y. Patil Homeopathic Medical College.
  •  Bharati Vidyapeeth’s Homeopathic Medical College.

BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery):

Ayurveda

Ayurvedic

 

Ayurvedic course after 12th:

BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is a bachelor’s level degree course after 12th and is branch of medicine concerned with the concepts of Ayurveda and ayurvedic medicine.

A BAMS bachelor’s degree is currently offered in India, Nepal and also in some south Asian countries as well.

BAMS has taken an investigative approach to people’s existing advanced living conditions, their physiology, developments in the field of medicine etc. and is attempting to incorporate modern medical science with traditional methods and practices of Ayurveda .

How to be an ayurvedic doctor after 12th?

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology) score.

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate programs include MD & MS.
  • PhD also available in Ayurveda.

     Duration:

  • 5 ½ years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Work opportunities:

  • A BAMS graduate can work as an Ayurvedic doctor in hospitals (Govt./private) and clinics.
  • Can also work as an ayurvedic pharmacist, also as a drug manufacturer in Govt. Hospitals.
  • Can also do research work in research centers and with pharmaceutical companies etc.

Entrance Exams:

  • All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Exam
  • the Uttarakhand Post Graduate Medical Entrance Examination
  • Kerala State Entrance Exam
  • National Institute of Ayurveda Entrance exam
  • AYUSH Entrance Exam.

Colleges:

  • Ayurved Mahavidyalaya
  • Ayurved & Unani Tibbiya College
  • Banaras Hindu University

B. Optom (Bachelor of Optometry/Optometry):

optometry

Optometry course after 12th:

B. Optm (Bachelor of Optometry) is a 4 years bachelor’s degree course after 12th and a medical profession focuses on the study of eyes anatomy and eye related disorders, remedies and diagnosis according to the detected underlying diseases of the visual system.

An optometry graduate must complete an internship with licensed Ophthalmologists or in hospital to practice eye examination of patients and can prescribe medicine, etc. but cannot conduct surgeries just on the basis of a bachelor’s degree, he/she must specialize in optometry and get certified by Optometry Council of India (OCI) to perform eye surgery.

Eye doctors course after 12th:

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes M. Optm (Master of Optometry).
  • PhD program also available in Optometry.

Duration:

  • 4 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Work opportunities:

  • You can work in an eye clinic or optometry department in hospitals.
  • Can also work with organizations or as a consultant.
  • As an optician in optical shops, Ophthalmic industries and trade

Colleges:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS).
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth University.
  • Jamia Hamdard University.
  • Government Medical College and Hospital.
  • Birla Institute of Tech. Science.

Other related courses in Optometry:

  • Sc. in Optometry.
  • Diploma in Optometry. It is a 2 years (3 years long in some institutes) long Diploma certificate program.
  • Certificate courses.

BPH (Bachelor of Public Health):

Health

Public Health course after 12th:

Bachelor of Public Health (BPH) deals with public health science. It is a 4 years bachelor’s degree after 12th followed by internships, research studies or projects, industrial tours. Post-graduate courses are also available as an MPH (Master of Public Health) in this field.

Aspirants who are interested in education and research related to health and wellness, the well-being of people out there and are looking forward to serve and support people can join this undergraduate degree program as their first step towards achieving their desired goal.

How to get admission in public health course after 12th?

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes MPH (Master of Public Health).
  • PhD program also available in public health.

Duration:

  • 4 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 years for master’s course.
  • 5 to 6 years of doctorate program.

Colleges:

  • India Institute of Public Health.
  • Tata Institute of Social Sciences.
  • National Institute of Health and Family Welfare.
  • Indian Institute of Health Management Research.

BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy):

Therapy

 

BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy) is another known bachelor’s course after 12th to pursue in the medical field. The profession deals with rehabilitation, the BOT graduates works as professional therapist with individuals struggling with social, physical, emotional problems, etc. of all ages.

In this degree program students learn different techniques of recovery/healing and acquire knowledge with experience through training and internships along the way. The therapist help people who are in need of developmental assistance to live happy, productive and independent life.

How to get admission in Occupational Therapy after 12th?

There is no fix state or national level exam available to get enrolled in BOT course, colleges offering BOT degree accept students on merit basis or conducting their own entrance exam.

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes Master of Occupational Therapy.
  • PhD program also available in Occupational therapy.

Duration:

  • 4 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Colleges:

  • Christian Medical College
  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
  • R.M. Institute of Medical Science and Research
  • Jamia Hamdard Deemed University

BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy):

physiotherapy

Physiotherapy course after 12th:

BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy) is another bachelor’s degree in India after 12th to pursue. It is a 4 years bachelor’s degree course that deals with the study of physical problems or disorders, focusing in particular on body movement and joint related issues caused by aging or any disease or illness, etc.

Post-graduate programs are also available as Masters of Physiotherapy, generally a masters after bachelors in physiotherapy is necessary to expand job opportunities in near future.

Admission process of a Physiotherapy course after 12th:

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCB (physics, chemistry & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes Master of Occupational Therapy.
  • PhD program also available in Occupational therapy.

Duration:

  • 5 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Entrance Exam:

  • JIPMER all India entrance test.
  • Guru Govind Indraprastha University Physiotherapy entrance exam, etc.

Colleges:

  • Amar Jyoti Charitable Trust.
  • School of Physiotherapy.
  • Orthopedic Centre.
  • Nizam’s Institute of Medical Sciences.
  • of Physiotherapy.
  • Bangalore Medical College

BSc Radiology (Bachelor of science in Radiology):

Radiology

BSc (Bachelor of Science in Radiology) an undergraduate degree program available after 12th, it is a 3 years degree program to start a carrier as a radiologist. A radiologist is a medical professional who treats patient by diagnostics using instruments like x-rays CT scans, MRI and ultrasound machines, etc.

A standard degree in radiology can also be extended to MSc in radiology or other available specialization offered by the branch of radiology.

 

Process of becoming a Radiologist after 12th?

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCMB (physics, chemistry, math & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes Master in radiology.
  • PhD program also available in radiology.

Duration:

  • 3 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Entrance Exam:

  • University College of Medical Sciences and GTB Hospital Radiography Entrance Exam.
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences Radiography Entrance Exam

Colleges:

  • Medical College.
  • All India Institute of Medical Science.
  • Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post-Graduation Medical Education Research.
  • Christian Medical College.
  • Armed Forces Medical College.

Audiology:

Audiology

BSc Audiology (Bachelor of Science in Audiology) is an undergraduate degree program available after 12th, it is a 4 years degree program deals with hearing related issues.

A professional audiologist deals with issues related to balance associated problems, hearing problems and disabilities by using modern technology and techniques available today.

Getting admission in Audiology after 12th:

Eligibility:

  • 12th passed with minimum 50% marks along with PCMB (physics, chemistry, math & biology)

Programs Available:

  • Bachelor’s degree & Master’s degree (Postgraduate program).
  • Postgraduate program includes Master in audiology.
  • PhD program also available in audiology.

Duration:

  • 4 years for bachelor’s course.
  • 2 to 3 years for master’s course.
  • 3 years of doctorate program.

Entrance Exam:

  • Admission to the allied medicine courses is mainly through merit (except AIIMS and JIPMER)

College:

  • All India Institute of Medical Science.
  • Maulana Azad Medical College.
  • All India Institute of Speech and Hearing.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Post-Graduation Medical Education Research.
  • Armed Forces Medical College

Medical courses after 12th without NEET:

Students who aspire to join healthcare sector but do not want to appear for NEET can also serve in this sector without any entrance exam.  There are plenty of alternative courses available out there in which you can enroll without NEET.

Following is the list of top courses after 12th science without NEET you can pursue:

  • Bachelor’s in Anaesthesiology & Intensive Care Technology
  • Bachelor’s in Audiometric Technology
  • B. Sc. Blood Banking Technology
  • B. Sc. Blood Transfusion Technology
  • B. Sc. Cardiac Technology
  • B. Sc. Cardiovascular Technologies
  • B. Sc. Dialysis Technologies
  • B. Sc. Emergency and Critical Care Technologies
  • B. Sc. Endoscopy & Gastrointestinal Imaging Technologies
  • B. Sc. in Medical Imaging Technology
  • B. Sc. Medical Laboratory Technology
  • B. Sc. Nuclear Medicine and Radiotherapy Technologies
  • B. Sc. Operation Theatre and Anaesthesia Technologies
  • Bachelor’s in Optometry and Ophthalmic Technologies
  • B. Sc. in Orthopaedic Technology
  • B. Sc. Paramedical Technology
  • B. Sc. Perfusion Technology
  • B. Sc. Radiology & Imaging Technology
  • B. Sc. Radiology Technology
  • B. Sc. Respiratory Care Technology

Top Medical courses after 12th science with PCB to pursue:

Some more alternate medical courses list other than MBBS or BDS for 12th biology students:

  • Nutritionist
  • Food Technology/Food Science
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Pharmacy
  • Life Sciences
  • Clinical Research
  • Nursing
  • Agriculture
  • Career Options in different subjects
  • Social Work
  • Psychology
  • Liberal Arts
  • Anthropology

Medical courses  after 10th in India:

Students who are aspiring to join the healthcare field after 10th and wanted to serve in the medical field, have so many options to choose.

The paramedical sector is expanding hence producing many opportunities for individuals who are passionate towards social service and also wanted to make a career in healthcare sector, can enroll themselves  into paramedical courses.

As these paramedical courses are an important part of the medical field and are short term courses focuses on the learning and training process, the courses normally take 6 months to 2 years for completion. Here are some paramedical courses in India after 10th to pursue in India.

List of Paramedical Diploma courses after 10th:

Name of course

Duration to complete

Diploma in Nursing
Assistance/ General Duty Assistant

6
months

Diploma in Radio Imaging Technology

2
years

Diploma in Community Medical
Service & Essential Drugs

1
½ years (18 months)

Diploma
in Sanitation Inspector (DSI)

1
year

Diploma in Optometry
Technician (DOPT)

1
year

Diploma Operation
theatre Technology (DOTT)

1
year

Diploma in Naturopathy
and Yogic Sciences (DYNS)

2
years

Diploma in Nutrition
and Dietetics

2
years

Diploma in Dental
Technician and Hygiene

2
years

Diploma in
Physiotherapy

2
years

List of certifications available in Paramedical courses after 10th:

Name of course

Duration to complete

Certificate in Ophthalmic Assistant (COPA)

6
months

Certificate in Medical Nursing Assistant

6
months

Certificate in Dental Technician

1
year

Certificate in Blood Bank Technician

1
year

Certificate in MRI Technician

1
year

Certificate in Ultrasound Technician

1
year

Certificate in ECG Technician

1
year

Certificate in X-ray Technician

1
year

Certificate in Medical Radiology Technician

1
year

Certificate in Pharma Sale Management

1
year

Certificate in Medical Lab
Technology (CMLT)

1
year

Some important & commonly asked questions:

Que) Are there any Medical courses after 12th without biology?

Ans: There is no way you can pursue a medical career without biology after 12th because the subject of biology is like a base, a foundation of the medical
field
so it is not possible.

Que) Are there any medical courses after 10th?

Ans: Yes, there are numerous courses available to pursue in healthcare sector anyone can enroll after completing 10th. Certificate as well as diploma courses are available which comes under paramedical courses mostly.

Que) Are there any diploma courses in Ayurveda?

Ans: Yes, there is a diploma course available in ayurvedic field named as “Diploma in Ayurvedic Pharmacy” eligibility criteria of 10+2 with an
aggregate of 50% is needed to pursue the diploma D. Pharm (Ayurveda) and the course duration is 2 years.

Que) Are there any public health courses after 10th?

Ans: There are numerous public health courses available to pursue after 10thand most of these courses comes under the category of paramedical courses anyone can apply 10th class.

Que) What are the Optometry courses after 10th?

Ans: Yes, there is a diploma program available in optometry course after 10th which description is as follows:

  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology (DOT).
  • Course duration is 3 years.
  • Eligibility criteria needed is 10th.
  • Admission process, direct admission and private entrance exams conducted by institutes.

 

 

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