Best Agriculture Courses after 12th in India:Eligibilty, Scope in profession

Agriculture Industry plays a vital role in the Indian economy & Agriculture courses after 12th in India opens up the doorways to work opportunities in different agriculture sectors like agro-industries, farming, poultry, dairy, animal husbandry, etc. The agriculture sector is the backbone of India & hence plays a significant role in the Indian economy.

What is Agriculture?

The term Agriculture means growing different types of crops systematically to provide food to each and everyone in society. We can consider it as the primary occupation of human civilization.

There are different types of Agriculture and Farming that exist in India, and around the world, and these farming techniques depend on the types of soils (Agronomist= Crop Scientist, Pedologist = Soil Scientist) present in the particular region of a country.

Agriculture courses after 12th in India

Agriculture courses after 12th:

The field of agriculture progressed so much that it is now required professionals with the proper skill sets, knowledge, and technological source to get into the field of agriculture for this there are many agriculture courses after 12th in India are available. You can now make a career in Agriculture; it not only involves cultivating plants or crops, but also managing livestock, technology for farming, research, innovation, and many more.

Farming initially involves growing vegetables, fruits, medicinal plants, dairy, poultry, fish, livestock farming, etc.

Top agriculture courses after 12th in India

Farming can be a full-blown career if executed properly, as there’s a great career scope in the agricultural sector & also for agricultural science in India in the near future.

Students from different parts of the country are now looking forward to pursuing the different Agriculture courses after 12th in India available to pursue nowadays because like any other field agriculture is also advancing.

Agriculture courses after 12th Science:

Agriculture courses after 12th science

In India, students are now realizing the importance of Agricultural Science, Industry, and its potential as a career scope in the future, especially in India. There are so many options available in agriculture courses after 12th science to pursue in India, like B.E., B. Tech., and B.Sc. in agriculture.

Students who have completed their 12th in science and are interested in joining the Food Production sector or the Agro-based Industry or any other agricultural industry can start by applying for any of the available courses for acquiring knowledge about the agriculture sector and can make a career in it.

The field offers Certificate courses and courses at PG Certificate, Diploma, PG Diploma, Bachelor’s, Masters up to the Ph.D. level for aspiring individuals to pursue and make a career out of it. After completing these agriculture courses after 12th in India there are plenty of career prospects available in the agriculture industry (Government & Private).

But how to know that, which one is the best among all the available agriculture courses after 12th in India. Well, the following article will provide you the information about all the available Agriculture Courses you can pursue after 12th in India, according to the required eligibility criteria of the particular course.

Bachelor’s Degree courses in Agriculture:

B.Sc. in Agriculture after 12th science

Undergraduate level Agriculture Courses after 12th in India can be divided into two parts because the agriculture field offers a range of courses after 12th in the Engineering field as well as in the B.Sc. field. Both are bachelor’s level courses and can be a good start to enter the agriculture field.

Though, both the courses operate at a different level, but they provide enough knowledge and covers the necessary syllabus, skillset development, and training program needed to start working in the farming industry. Other than traditional degree courses vocational courses are also available in agriculture.

You will learn the use of all the concepts of science, biology, technology, & chemistry, to start a career in the agriculture industry.

To apply for the following agriculture courses students must complete their 12th in science stream to deal with the subjects of biology, chemistry, physics, and math.

Particularly, only agriculture courses after 12th science are available in India and that includes;

  • B.E. and B. Tech courses after 12th
  • B.Sc. courses after 12th

B.E. and B. Tech Agriculture courses after 12th Science in India:

From all the available agricultural courses after 12th in India, there are several B.E. and B.Tech. Agriculture courses after 12th science are available in the agriculture field any aspiring candidate can pursue.

Also, the difference between B.E. and B.Tech. is that;

“B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering)” provides an overview of the field and focuses more on theoretical knowledge while on the other hand;

“B.Tech. (Bachelor of Technology)” focuses more on the practical knowledge and training of the students pursuing the particular course.

Both of this undergraduate program is of 4 years and offers theoretical as well as practical knowledge and training required in the field of agriculture. Here is a list of top agriculture courses after 12th science in B.E. and B.Tech available to pursue in India.

  • B.Tech. in Agricultural Information Technology
  • B.Tech. in Agricultural & Food Engineering
  • B.E./B.Tech. in Agricultural Engineering
  • B.E./B.Tech. in Agriculture & Dairy Technology
  • B.Tech. in Dairy Technology

Eligibility Criteria:

  • To apply for these courses, the students need to pass 12th from the science stream with a minimum of 50% to 60% aggregate from a recognized educational board.


  • The duration of the bachelor’s course is 4 years.

Entrance Exam:

  • BHU
  • GCET
  • OUAT
  • KCET

Programs available:

  • Bachelor’s degree
  • Master’s degree
  • Ph.D. program
  • PG Diploma programs
  • PG Certificate program

B.Sc. in Agriculture courses after 12th Science in India:

There are several Bachelor of Science i.e., BSc in agriculture courses after 12th in India available, any interested candidate can pursue.

As the agriculture industry is on the rise in terms of job and career opportunities for all the aspirants who dreamt of doing something for the farming industry in India, now is a great opportunity. Here is a list of top B.Sc. courses in Agriculture available after 12th science;

  • B.Sc. in Agriculture
  • B.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology
  • B.Sc. in Forestry
  • B.Sc. in Plant Science
  • B.Sc. in Plant Pathology
  • B.Sc. in Food Science
  • B.Sc. in Dairy Science
  • B.Sc. in Horticulture
  • B.Sc. in Fisheries Science

Eligibility Criteria:

  • To apply for these courses, the students need to pass 12th from the science stream with a minimum of a 50% aggregate from a recognized educational board.

Course Duration:

  • The duration of the bachelor’s course is 3 years.

Entrance Exam:

  • MP PAT

Programs available:

  • Bachelor’s degree
  • Master’s degree
  • Ph.D. program
  • PG Diploma programs
  • PG Certificate program

B.Sc. Agriculture Jobs:

After completing any course, most candidates’ first priority is to find a job. There are many B.Sc. Agriculture jobs are available in different sectors. Below is the list of job you can explore after completing a B.Sc. in Agriculture;

  • Agricultural Engineer
  • Food Scientist
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Agricultural Operational Manager
  • Agronomy Sales Manager
  • Agriculture Forest Officer
  • Forest Officer
  • Agriculture Junior Engineer
  • Agriculture Development Officer
  • Agricultural Field Officer
  • Researcher
  • Assistant Professor
  • IFS Officer
  • Farming Consultant
  • Lecturer
  • Agricultural Portfolio Manager

Best Jobs in Agriculture:

  • Farm Manager
  • Agricultural Salesperson
  • Soil & Plant Scientist
  • Agricultural Economist
  • Commercial Horticulturist
  • Bank
  • Production Manager in agro-industry

B.Sc. Agriculture Salary:

The agricultural field can provide high-paying job opportunities in the government sector, private sector, commercial business, and private business in various fields like floriculture, horticulture, fisheries, etc. Similarly, it provides entrepreneurship opportunities in the agriculture industry after acquiring proper knowledge and training in the field, etc.

a) After completing B.Sc. in Agriculture, you can expect a starting salary package of 2 lakhs to 5 lakhs per annum.

b) With 3 to 5 years of experience in the agriculture industry, you can get a salary package of 5 lakhs to 6 lakhs per annum.

Agricultural Engineer Salary:

a) On average, the starting salary package of an agricultural engineer ranges from 2.5 lakhs to 3.5 lakhs per annum.

b) After gaining several years of experience and more qualification in the field as an agricultural engineer you can expect a salary package ranging from 5 lakhs to 7 lakhs per annum.

B.Sc. Agriculture Scope:

No matter what field you choose, making a career in it has never been an easy task. You can achieve your desired career after putting in an ample amount of effort and there’s no other way. As far as the B.Sc. Agriculture Scope is concerned, there are many sectors you can explore after completing B.Sc. in Agriculture and the same goes for the scope after completing B.E./B.Tech. courses in agriculture. 

You can do a job after completing these agriculture courses after 12th in India or you start your business of production and selling of agriculture products. Here is a list of several sectors (Government & Private) where there is the scope after completing agriculture courses and you can find various career prospects in these sectors.

  • You can prepare for UPSC competitive exams
  • FCI (Food Corporation of India) exam
  • Work opportunities in Government jobs
  • Private Companies
  • State Government jobs in the agricultural sector
  • Insurance Sector
  • Field of Teaching
  • Research
  • Journalism
  • Banking Sector
  • Entrepreneurship, etc.

B.Sc. Agriculture Colleges:

The following list contains the name of the top B.Sc. Agriculture Colleges operating in India, which you can check if you want to pursue a B.Sc. in agriculture or other agriculture courses after 12th in India;

  • Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), Delhi
  • University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Bangalore
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar
  • National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal
  • Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana
  • Tamil Nadu Agriculture University (TNAU), Coimbatore
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE), Mumbai
  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut
  • College of Agriculture, Junagadh
  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agriculture University, Hyderabad
  • Anbil Dharmalingam Agricultural College & Research Institute
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya (JNKVV), Jabalpur
  • Anand Niketan College of Agriculture (ANCG), Chandrapur
  • Ramkrishna Bajaj College of Agriculture (RBCA), Wardha
  • College of Agriculture, Yavatmal

Diploma in Agriculture:

Diploma in Agriculture courses is available after 12th as well as after 10th. These diplomas in agriculture courses after 12th in Inda last for 1 to 3 years of duration normally. Candidates get a certificate after completing the diploma courses.

Pursuing these short-term agriculture courses after 12th in India can equip you with enough knowledge and training, that you can immediately start working in the agriculture industry or can start your own business as an entrepreneur.

The following list contains several available diploma courses in agriculture which you can pursue after 12th in India;

  • Diploma in Farm Management
  • Diploma in Dairy Technology
  • Diploma in Food Processing
  • Diploma in Agro Journalism
  • Diploma in Agriculture
  • Diploma in Floriculture
  • Diploma in Meat Technology
  • Diploma in Vegetable Production
  • Diploma in Fodder & Feed Technology
  • Diploma in Management Non-Wood Forest Product
  • Diploma in Value Added Products from Fruit and Vegetables
  • Diploma in Meat and Meat Product Technology


Q & A:

What is the highest paying job in agriculture?
There isn’t a single high-paying job in agriculture, there are several high-paying jobs available in the agricultural sector.  Here is a list of some of the high-paying jobs in the agriculture sector;

  • Agricultural Lawyer
  • Agricultural Operations Manager
  • Agricultural Engineer
  • Biochemist
  • Environmental Engineer
  • Food Scientist
  • Agronomist
  • Pedologist
  • Agronomy Sales Manager
  • Agricultural Economist
  • Bioinformatics Scientist, etc.
What is the salary of agriculture officer?
The salary package of an agriculture officer ranges from 4 lakhs to 5 lakhs per annum.
Which job has the highest salary in India?
There are many jobs considered as high-salary jobs like;

  • Investment Bankers
  • Medical Professionals
  • Product Managers
  • Full-Stack Software Developers
  • Data Scientists
  • Blockchain Developers
  • Machine learning Experts, etc.

These are some of the high-salaried jobs in India.

Which course is best in agriculture?
Agriculture courses are considered interdisciplinary i.e., one at least need to have an overview of knowledge or curiosity about social science, natural science, chemistry, economics, business, environmental science, agricultural science, and technical aspect of agriculture. Because of the interdisciplinary nature of the field and advancement and innovation in the agriculture field, there isn’t a single best course in agriculture. Every agriculture course unique and important in its own way and dependent on one another in order to bring quality in the produced agriculture products.
Which country is best for agriculture jobs?
These are the top 10 countries that are considered as best for agriculture jobs as far as the GDP of these countries are concerned;

  • Brazil
  • Belgium
  • Italy
  • United Kingdom (UK)
  • Germany
  • France
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Netherland
  • USA (The United State of America)

Canada is considered the best as it is one of the largest countries with a very low population and enough land for agriculture and great opportunities for agricultural industries to grow.

Can commerce student do agriculture?
No, commerce students cannot apply for degree-level agriculture courses, as these courses demand students from science backgrounds with knowledge of biology, physics, chemistry, and maths subjects. But there are diploma and certificate level agriculture courses available for students of any background.
Can arts student do agriculture?
No, similar to commerce students arts students are also not eligible to apply for degree-level agriculture courses, as you need to have a background in biology, physics, chemistry, and maths subjects in 12th. But you can pursue diploma and certificate level agriculture courses available for students of any background.


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